Richard Ginika Izuora/Agency Report
French President Emmanuel Macron has declared a second public lockdown until the end of November.
Mr Macron said that under the new measures, beginning on Friday; individuals would just be permitted to venture out from home for fundamental work or clinical reasons.
Insignificant organizations, for example, eateries and bars, will close; yet schools and processing plants will stay open.
Coronavirus every day passings in France are at the most significant level since April.
On Tuesday, 33,000 new cases were affirmed.
Mr Macron said the country risked being “overwhelmed by a second wave; that no doubt will be harder than the first”.
Meanwhile, Germany will impose an emergency lockdown that is less severe; but includes the closure of restaurants, gyms and theatres.
Infections are rising sharply across Europe; including the UK which on Wednesday announced 310 new deaths; and 24,701 new officially-recorded cases.
In England, a new study estimates almost 100,000 people are actually catching the virus every day; with researchers warning that “something has to change”.
Night curfews are in force in several countries, including for 46 million people in France.
News of the new restrictions being introduced in Europe’s biggest economies led to sharp falls in the financial markets on Wednesday.
The UK’s FTSE 100 ended almost 2.6% lower; and Germany’s Dax dropped 4.2%. Major US indexes also sank 3.4% or more.
“We are deep in the second wave,” European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said. “I think that this year’s Christmas will be a different Christmas.”
In a televised address on Wednesday, Mr Macron said that France must now “brutally apply the brakes” to avoid being “submerged by the acceleration of the epidemic”.
“The virus is circulating at a speed that not even the most pessimistic forecasts had anticipated,” he said; adding that half of all intensive care beds at French hospitals were being occupied by Covid patients.
The president said that under the new rules, people would need to fill in a form to justify leaving their homes; as was required in the initial lockdown in March.
Social gathering are banned.
“Like in the spring, you will have the option to go out just to work, for a clinical arrangement, to give help to a family member; to search for basic products or to take a stroll close to your home,” Mr Macron said.
However, he unveiled clear that administrations as well as industrial facilities would stay open; also adding that the economy “must not stop or breakdown”.
Mr Macron also added that visits to mind homes – which were prohibited during the two-month lockdown announced in March – would be allowed under the most recent measures.
The checks will apply until 1 December and will be rethought like clockwork.
The president said he held “trust that families will have the option to be brought together for Christmas”.