Nigeria Updates Carbon Elimination Document To Accelerate Commitment To Climate Change

ANALYSIS: COP26: Nigeria's plan to cut carbon emission to net-zero by 2060  is short on details - Premium Times Nigeria

Yemisi Izuora

Nigeria has taken further steps to affirm its commitment to climate change.

In a virtual meeting hosted by President Joe Biden of the United States, on Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change (MEF), President Muhammadu Buhari, said an updated Nationally Determined Contribution to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change had been submitted to replace the interim contribution dated 27 May 2021.

The updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) will include elimination of kerosene lighting by 2030, increase in use of buses for public transport and reduction in burning of crop residues.

“Our updated NDC includes the waste sector which is expected to contribute to the reduction of Nigeria’s greenhouse gas emissions. This development raised an additional 2% to the Nationally Determined Contribution from 45% to 47% conditionally and 20% unconditionally below business-as-usual.

“Other action plans that are inherent in our NDC include; elimination of kerosene lighting by 2030, increase in the use of bus rapid transit as a means of transportation for the general public, 50% reduction in the fraction of crop residues burnt by 2030 and implementation of forest programmes.

“Initiatives to deliver 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and enhanced removals equivalent to approximately 74.2 metric tons of carbon dioxide by 2030, and Ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol to phase out hydrofluorocarbon emissions,’’ the President said.

Buhari also noted that Nigeria was developing National Frameworks for Article 6 and for carbon pricing, adding, “we have finalised the Sectoral Action Plan for the implementation of the revised NDC in the key priority sectors, namely energy, oil and gas, agriculture and land use, power, transport and water and waste.’’

On the Global Methane Pledge, the President told the world leaders that Nigeria joined the Global Methane Alliance in 2019 with commitment to methane reduction targets of at least 45% by 2025 and a 60-75% reduction by 2030.

“Nigeria’s 2019 National Plan to Reduce has started through the required voluntary actions, with an initial focus on elimination of short-lived pollutants methane in the oil and gas sector.

“Our plan aims to improve air quality and reduce Nigeria’s contribution to climate change through 22 specific mitigation measures in eight source sectors (transportation, cooking and lighting in households, industry, waste, oil and gas, agriculture, power and Hydro-Fluoro-Carbon), as well as adoption and ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol aimed at phasing out hydrofluorocarbon emissions.

“The full implementation of these measures would be effective in reducing short-lived pollutants, with an 83% reduction in black carbon emissions by 2030 compared to a business-as-usual scenario and 61% reduction in methane emissions.

“These measures are also effective in reducing other air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and particulate matter and also reduce carbon dioxide emissions,’’ he added.

The President said implementation of the measures could reduce exposure to air pollution across Nigeria by 22% in 2030, while reducing Nigeria’s contribution to climate change.

He added that the Nigeria Sustainable Energy for All Action Agenda has a target of almost tripling generation capacity in the next decade, to reach a total of 30 Gigawatt by 2030, 30% of which will be generated from renewable energy. Almost half of this provided by medium and large hydro.

“Nigeria is aware that its heavy dependence on fossil fuel makes the country especially vulnerable in a world that has a target to reduce or even eliminate fossil fuel as a key driver of the global economy,’’ Buhari said.

The President noted that a number of countries were already setting bans on the sale of oil consuming Internal Combustion Engine vehicles: “However, Nigeria is also aware that short term response to transition from fossil fuel to clean energy may jeopardise our economic growth. As a result, we intend to use the Long-Term Low-Emissions Development Strategy as our transition process.’’

He explained that the Long-Term Low-Emissions Development Strategy provides Nigeria with a pathway to carefully assess the opportunities that might arise in terms of a cleaner, more dynamic and more sustainable growth model.

“It will also provide the options for the country to implement a less carbon-intensive model of economic development in the face of decreasing global reliance on fossil fuel energy,’’ he said.

According to the Nigerian president, achieving a climate-neutral economy by 2050 will require progressively phasing out or profoundly changing the country’s carbon-intensive industries, which will be particularly challenging and require a well-managed transition through effective visioning and full financial support from partners.

“Nigeria is ready to partner with countries and relevant stakeholders to achieve the goals of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and objectives of the Paris Agreement, while combining both local and international solutions in its quest to mitigate the challenges of climate change and adapting to the realities of the catastrophic environmental destruction facing our world,’’ he assured.

Buhari said he had already signed the Nigerian Climate Change Bill on 19 November 2021, fulfilling Nigeria’s commitment to the Glasgow Climate Pact.

According to the President: “The Climate Change Act provides a legal framework for achieving low greenhouse gas emissions while ensuring green and sustainable economic growth.

“The Act will support and enable the implementation of national climate actions, including accessing climate finance and carbon trading that will enable reduction in greenhouse gases that are contributory factors to climate change and its attendant effects.’’

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