Shell Reports Drop In Profit Margin 

..As Oil Production Slump To 3.752 Million Barrels

Yemisi Izuora 

Oil giant Shell Thursday reported a small drop in first quarter profit to $5.4 billion but still easily beat forecasts, helped by stronger trading and liquefied natural gas earnings.

Also, its oil and gas production in the quarter declined to 3.752 million barrels of oil equivalent from 3.788 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.

Shell’s results outshone those of rivals – Exxon Mobil, Chevron and BP – which all saw sharp declines in profits in the first three months of the year as a result of lower refining margins and weaker crude and gas prices.

“Shell has made a strong start to 2019,” Chief Executive Officer Ben van Beurden said in a statement.

“Our integrated value chain enabled our downstream business to deliver robust results despite challenging market conditions.”

Cash generation, which the Anglo-Dutch company has flagged as a key measure of its growth in the past, sagged nine per cent to 8.6 billion dollars as a result of one-off charges.

Free cash flow — cash available to pay for dividends and share buybacks — dropped to four billion dollars from 16.7 billion dollars in the previous quarter and 5.2 billion dollars a year earlier.

Shell has targeted free cash flow generation of 25 billion-30 billion dollars a year between 2019 and 2021.

Net income attributable to shareholders, based on Current Cost of Supplies (CCS) and excluding identified items, fell two per cent to 5.43 billion dollars in the first quarter from a year earlier.

That topped a profit forecast of 4.54 billion dollars, according to a company-provided survey of analysts.

“Overall this was a strong set of results, backed up by solid cash flow delivery in the quarter,” Berenberg analyst, Henry Tarr, said.

The decline was a result of lower chemicals and refining margins, lower oil prices and lower tax credits, Shell said.

Those were partly offset by stronger contributions from trading as well as increased LNG and gas prices compared with the first quarter of 2018.

Shell’s Integrated Gas business saw a 65 per cent rise in cash generation to 4.2 billion dollars as LNG trading helped offset a six per cent decline in sales volumes.

BP also saw a drop in profits from lower crude prices and refining but was cushioned by trading, which allows a company to make profit by taking advantage of price differences in different regions.

The strong results build on a sharp rise in profits last year to 21.4 billion dollars, the highest since 2014.

Shell, the world’s biggest dividend payer at 16 billion dollars a year, continued a three-year 25 billion dollars share buyback programme promised, following the acquisition of BG Group in 2016. By April 29, it said it had repurchased 6.75 billion dollars.

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